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Ag fact sheets detail potential TPP impacts

How will the Trans-Pacific Partnership impact agriculture? New USDA fact sheets aim to answer

New fact sheets released this week provide a bit of extra insight as to how agriculture will be impacted by the Trans-Pacific Partnership.

The fact sheets, released by USDA's Foreign Ag Service, graphically depict how each state and individual commodities stand to benefit from increased agricultural trade with the 11 other TPP countries.

Trade ministers from Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, the United States and Vietnam concluded TPP negotiations Monday in Atlanta, Ga.

Trade with these countries accounted for 42% of U.S. agricultural exports in 2014, contributing $63 billion to the U.S. economy, USDA said.

"Increased demand for American agricultural products and expanded agricultural exports as a result of the Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement will support stronger commodity prices and increase farm income," USDA Secretary Tom Vilsack says.

"Increased exports will support more good paying export-related jobs, further strengthening the rural economy," Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack said. "All of this activity

Through the TPP, more export-related jobs are expected, which will benefit rural communities and keep American ag on the "cutting edge of global commerce," Vilsack said.

Ag trade supports more than one million American jobs, USDA says, and the agency expects that TPP will remove trade barriers to help further the global expansion of American agricultural exports, particularly exports of meat, poultry, dairy, fruits, vegetables, grains, oilseeds, cotton and processed products.

The new fact sheets illustrate benefits for key commodities and all 50 states. A quick glance at TPP impacts:

Beef and veal
Japan's beef tariff, currently as high as 50%, will be reduced to nine%. Japan will eliminate duties on 75% of tariff lines, including processed beef products. Vietnam will eliminate tariffs and Malaysia will lock tariffs in at zero%.

Pork
Japan will eliminate duties on nearly 80% of tariff lines, including processed pork. Remaining tariffs will be cut and the "Gate Price" system significantly altered. Nearly all Malaysian tariffs will be locked in at zero% and Vietnam will eliminate tariffs.

Fruits
Japan, Malaysia, and Vietnam will eliminate tariffs on all fresh and processed fruits, including citrus.

Vegetables
Malaysia and Vietnam will immediately eliminate all tariffs, and Japan nearly all tariffs, on fresh and processed vegetables. All three countries will eliminate tariffs on potatoes and potato products.

Rice
Japan, which excluded rice from its prior trade agreements, will establish a new, duty-free quota for U.S. rice. Malaysia and Vietnam will eliminate tariffs.

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