With the harvest of Brazil’s seasonal soybean, corn and rice crops nearing the end, the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) announced that the cereal, pulse and oilseed harvest is expected to yield 158.7 million tons in 2011, 6% higher than the record harvest of 149.7 million tons in 2010, based on April 2011 estimates.
The data are from the results of the fourth estimate of the Systematic Survey of Agricultural Production (LASP) in 2011.
According to the survey, Brazil’s grain harvest area will reach 119 million acres in 2011, a 4.3% increase from 2010. The cultivation of rice, corn and soybeans - which together represent 90.8% of the volume of grain production - accounts for 82.5% of that total area to be harvested.
Compared to the previous year, the expected increase in harvested areas of these crops is 2.1% (rice), 4.1% (corn) and 2.8% (soybeans) in 2011. The resulting year-on-year increase in production of these crops should reach 18.4%, 3.0% and 6.3%, respectively.
The southern region of Brazil, particularly Paraná State, is the highest grain yielding region. The state of Paraná is expected to retain the lead in Brazilian grain production with a 20.6% share, followed by Mato Grosso (19.9%) and Rio Grande do Sul (17.0%).
Among the 25 crops evaluated in the survey, 15 should exceed their production estimates from the previous year, including: herbaceous cotton (69.5%), the first harvest of peanuts (7.8%), paddy rice (18.4%), the first harvest of potatoes (13.3%), the second harvest of potatoes (13.4%), cocoa almond (4.4%), barley grain (2.6%), the first harvest of beans (27.2%), the second harvest of beans in grain (5.1%), castor bean berry (51.2%), cassava (9.2%), the second harvest of corn grain (7.6 %), soybeans grain (6.3%), sorghum grain (13.4%) and triticale grain (26.2%).
The survey forecasts that 10 crops will experience a year-on-year decline in production, including the second harvest of peanuts (-7.8%), oats in grain (-12.7%), the third harvest of potatoes (-10.2%), coffee beans (-11.0%), cane sugar cane (-7.5%), onions (-8.8%), the third harvest of beans in grain (-7.2%), orange (-2.2%), the first harvest of grain (-0.2%) and wheat grain (-16.6%).