Farm Futures survey shows more corn, less soybeans in 2016

Farm Futures survey shows more corn, less soybeans in 2016

Growers face tough choices as planting plans are completed.

Profit margins full of red ink could force growers to cut back crop acreage by almost 2% in 2016, according to the latest survey by Farm Futures Magazine. Only corn and cotton could see gains among five major row crops and even those increases would keep seedings below levels from just two years ago. USDA releases its first survey-based estimate of Prospective Plantings March 31.

Only corn and cotton could see gains among five major row crops and even those increases would keep seedings below levels from just two years ago. (Photo: chas53/Thinkstock)

Farm Futures sees corn plantings at 90 million, up 2.3% from 2015, when adverse weather kept farmers from planting some 2.6 million acres. Some of the biggest gains could come in Illinois and Indiana, where yields suffered last year, while growers in the northwest Midwest, who enjoyed record yields, could also post increases.

Farmers appear ready to cut back on soybeans, following back-to-back record crops and yields. Farm Futures sees acreage of the oilseed falling to 82.2 million, down about .5% from 2015.

Seedings of another popular crop in 2015 also look ready to fall. Sorghum, a feed grain planted primarily on the central and southern Plains, saw acreage surge last year after Chinese buying took prices to record premiums over corn. But with a surplus hanging over the market this year, prices are back to their traditional discount. Growers said they plan to cut acreage by almost 13% to 7.4 million.

Further north on the Plains, spring wheat seedings could also be lower. The survey found farmers cutting acreage of the high protein grain by around 5%, to 12.6 million. That could bring all wheat seedings to 51.6 million, 5.5% lower than 2015.

Farmers in the South appear ready to boost cotton seedings almost 11% to 9.5 million, after cut-ting back dramatically due to low prices and adverse weather a year ago.

Crop

 

Acreage

Change*

Corn

 

90 million

2.3%

Soybeans

 

82.2 million

-0.5%

Soft Red Winter Wheat

6.5 million

-8.9%

Hard Red Winter Wheat

27 million

-6.7%

White Winter Wheat

3.6 million

8.6%

All Winter Wheat

37.2 million

-5.7%

Spring Wheat

 

12.6 million

-5.1%

Durum

 

1.9 million

-3.5%

All Wheat

 

51.6 million

-5.5%

Sorghum

 

7.4 million

-12.9%

Cotton

 

9.5 million

10.7%

* vs USDA 2015 estimates

   

“Cotton prices aren’t profitable either, but growers don’t have many alternatives that look good in 2016,” said Bryce Knorr, Farm Futures grain market analyst, who conducted the survey. “That’s why overall acreage could continue to fall among major crops again this spring.”

“Corn appears to be gaining ground by default, because farmers are a little more optimistic about rallies during the growing season, thanks to a lot of talk about potential for the El Nino to end soon. Our research shows that would increase potential for at least modest gains.”

Growers put their average price target for 2016 corn at a futures price of $4.12. By contrast the average futures price target for soybeans was only $9.27, a dollar or more below break-even levels.

“Farmers are banking on rallies because they still have a lot of 2015 production unpriced,” says Knorr. “Growers told us they have more than 40% of last year corn still in storage, with 30% of the soybean crop still unpriced.”

Farm Futures surveyed 1,246 growers from March 7 to March 23. Growers were sent an invitation by email, with results recorded by an online survey form. Over the last eight years Farm Futures March survey has deviated from USDA’s corn estimate by an average of 1.2%. For soybeans the deviation is 3%.

Farm Futures survey shows more corn, less soybeans in 2016

Farm Futures survey shows more corn, less soybeans in 2016

TAGS: USDA Soybean
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