This year there is a lot of confusion between Supplemental Revenue Assistance Payments (SURE) and the Average Crop Revenue Assurance (ACRE), especially with sign-up deadlines approaching and final rules not yet written.
Art Barnaby, agricultural economist at
From an administrative standpoint, SURE is more complicated than
Final rules aren't written yet for SURE, but already deadlines have passed to insure 2008 and 2009 crops required for SURE eligibility. For SURE, farmers are being asked to make decisions about coverage without fully understanding how the program will fit in your farm.
There have already been changes since the September 16 close for 2008 crops and September 30 close for 2009 crops. If farmers failed to meet those deadlines for non-insured crop disaster assistance coverage (
Here's what farmers need to know about SURE:
SURE is a whole-farm program, meaning it encompasses the entire farming operation -- all acres in all counties on the farm. In order to qualify, a farmer must have purchased crop insurance and non-insured crop disaster assistance coverage (
Eligibility for a payment from SURE also requires that a farm be in a county declared a disaster area or contiguous to such county, or the farm has experienced a 50% reduction in production due to adverse weather.
With SURE, eligible farms increase their coverage by 15% for crops with insurance and by 20% for crops with
SURE has no fee. The financial requirement is the purchase of crop insurance and
In most of the country, Dec. 1 is the cutoff date for paying the one-time $250
"Farmers should go to their local FSA office prior to Dec. 1 and make sure they have everything covered to maintain eligibility for SURE," Barnaby says.
At this point, Barnaby explains USDA is not forcing anyone to make decisions on the
By statute, the
"If 2006 prices are used, my prediction is very few farmers will sign up," Barnaby says. "If 2008 prices are used, it will depend on their crops and where they are located." He continued that if the 06 price is used and the cap is in the year farmers sign up, he anticipates many would wait until 2010 to sign up for ACRE.
Barnaby expects the final
FSA SURE Calculator - www.fsa.usda.gov/Internet/FSA_File/sure_calculator.xls
Farm Bill Side-by-Side Comparison - www.ers.usda.gov/farmbill/2008