Each Friday through October Farm Futures will publish a harvest report based on inputs from farmers and grain dealers throughout the Midwest and northern Plains.
Rain delayed harvesting throughout the Midwest this past week, but forecasts show drier weather beginning on Friday and continuing through the end of the month.
Iowa – When they could get into the fields, farmers favored soybeans over corn, however, corn harvest gained traction late in the week.
"It will be 'go time' next week if it doesn't rain. Everybody will be going hard," said a manager at an eastern Iowa elevator, who reported corn would be cut first as soybean fields were too wet.
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The past two days have been free of rain, but nearly 2 inches fell before that with the month-to-date total of 4.3 inches near Des Moines. Highs should be in the 60s Fahrenheit into next week, which should dry crops and fields.
As of early this week, John Heisdorffer in southeast Iowa had 70% of his soybeans harvested and 18% of his corn. "Yields are good but no above normal yields," he said.
USDA said Iowa corn was 10% harvested as of Sunday and soybeans 39% versus the respective five-year averages of 39% and 65%. It estimates the state's corn yield at 185 bushels per acre and soybeans at 51 bushels, versus 2013's 165 and 44.5.
Illinois, Indiana harvest 2014 update >>
Illinois – Farmers focused on soybeans in north central Illinois, while the corn harvest is in its early stages.
"Finished beans over the weekend. Still a lot of beans to be harvested though in the countryside. On to corn. Moisture is between 21-24%, said farmer Aaron Book.
"65% done on beans and 3% done on corn," added Todd Tesdal, operations manager at Grainco FS elevator in Mazon. "No harvest activity since last Sunday due to rain. Bean yields still outstanding as we're hearing a range from 55 to 85 bushels per acre."
Test weights on soybeans have held at 56 to 57 lbs.
As of Sunday, USDA said 35% of Illinois corn was harvested versus the 54% average, and soybeans were 29% cut versus the 52% average.
Indiana - Rain slowed harvesting here as well, with local forecasts showing more rain likely Saturday and early next week in central Indiana.
"300 more acres of beans done last weekend, slightly over 80% complete now. Yields continue to be very strong," said Nick Frey from central Indiana. A weak bean basis has Frey storing soybeans.
"Corn has even been slow, with only a few hundred more acres completed from the report last week," he said. "Despite the rain, both large terminals near us were plugged and had to close early on Wednesday."
A local ethanol plant is piling corn on the ground.
On Chris Hudson's family farm in west-central Indiana, harvest has been halted since last weekend. His soybeans were about 30% done and corn 5%. The small amount of corn yielded, on average, 240 bushels per acre at 27% moisture.
When harvest resumes Hudson said they will start with corn and switch to soybeans later next week. The brief harvesting last week gave a local ethanol plant enough supplies to drop the corn basis to 31 under from 13 under, he said.
USDA said 25% of Indiana's corn was harvested as of Sunday, versus the 42% average and 26% of the soybeans versus the 47% average.
USDA estimates Indiana corn will average 184 bushels per acre and soybeans 52 bushels, versus 2013's 177 and 51.