Wheat harvest resumed in central Texas this week with sprout-damaged grain reported in areas west of Fort Worth, the result of abundant rain the past two weeks, crop sources said.
Yields ranged from a low of 10 to 12 bushels per acre near San Angelo in central Texas to 70 to 80 bushels south of Fort Worth, they said.
The Fort Worth Grain Exchange said the latest wheat samples from the region averaged 14.2% protein, compared with the typical 12.5% to 13%, and test weights were about normal averaging 59.4 lbs per bushel. About half of the latest samples from parts of central Texas had sprout damage, it said.
As of Sunday, USDA reported 16% of the Texas wheat was harvested, slightly behind the 17% last year and the 19% five-year average.
Drought damaged much of the wheat crop in Kansas, Oklahoma and Texas. In May, USDA estimated the three states will produce 378.2 million bushels this year, down 23% from 2013's nearly 490 million.
While the recent rain was largely too late for the winter wheat, it provided needed soil moisture for cotton planting, said Josh Blanek, extension agent for Tom Green County in central Texas.
"They (farmers) have started getting back in the fields. They are juggling harvesting wheat and planting cotton," said Blanek.
USDA on Wednesday will issue estimates for U.S. winter wheat, with Farm Futures expecting 1.347 billion bushels for total winter wheat, 706 million of hard red winter, 445 million of soft red winter, and 197 million of white winter wheat.
In May, USDA had forecast 1.403 billion for total winter wheat, 746 million for hard red winter, 447 million for soft red winter, and 209 million for white.