U.S. corn planting advanced to 6% as of Sunday as late-week warm, dry weather allowed for some progress across much of the Midwest, USDA said on Monday.
The 6% was slightly better than last-year's slow pace of 4% but behind the five-year average of 14%. Seeding was slowed last week by cold weather early in the period.
Soybean planting progress will be added in next week's report.
In Iowa, the largest corn producer, 2% of the corn was planted, compared with none a year ago and the five-year average of 1%. While rain and cool weather slowed fieldwork early in the week, temperatures did rise at week's end, the state report said.
Iowa's topsoil moisture improved somewhat during the week with 72% adequate to surplus compared with 69% a week earlier and 88% a year ago.
In Illinois, 5% of the corn was planted, up from 1% a year ago, but down from the 22% average. Indiana was 1% planted, same as in 2013, but down from the 14% average. Corn planting had not begun in Minnesota and Ohio. Missouri was 26% planted, versus 12% a year ago and the 29% average, USDA reports.
Winter wheat mostly fair to poor
Winter wheat remained in mostly fair to poor condition as dry weather persisted. As of Sunday, 5% was rated excellent, 29% good, 33% fair, 20% poor and 13% very poor. A week ago, the percentages were 4%, 30%, 34%, 20%, and 12%, respectively.
In Kansas, the crop was 1% excellent, 23% good, 44% fair, 21% poor and 11% poor. The state report said there were freezing temperatures early last week, but did not say if they harmed the wheat.
More than half of the Texas and Oklahoma wheat continued to be poor to very poor.
Spring wheat was 10% planted, versus 7% a year earlier, and the 19% average. North Dakota, the top spring wheat producer, was 1% planted, compared with none a year ago and the 10% average.
Cotton planting increased slightly in the past week to 9%, down from 10% a year ago and the 12% average, according to USDA.
California, Arizona and Texas remained the leaders 90%, 55%, and 12% planted, respectively.
Oats were 20% planted and 3% emerged, compared with the averages of 55% and 38%, respectively. Sorghum was 23% planted versus the 23% average; while rice was 32% planted versus the 44% average.